Klug meaning in german

This term is used in diverse fields such as computer scienceaerospace engineeringInternet slangevolutionary neuroscienceand government. It is similar in meaning to the naval term jury rig. The Oxford English Dictionary 2nd ed.

"klug" English translation

Granholm's jocular invention: see first quot. The OED entry also includes the verb kludge "to improvise with a kludge or kludges" and kludgemanship "skill in designing or applying kludges". According to Burling, the word "kludge" first appeared in the English language in the early fifteen-hundreds. In the typical machinations of language in evolutionary growth, the word "Kludge" eventually came to mean "not so smart" or "pretty ridiculous". Today "kludge" forms one of the most beloved words in design terminology, and it stands ready for handy application to the work of anyone who gins up volt circuitry to plug into the VAC source.

The building of a Kludge, however, is not work for amateurs. Although OED accepts Granholm's coinage of the term, there are examples of its use before the s. This may explain the idea of clever but clumsy and temporary, as well as the pronunciation variation from German. Arguments against the derivation from German klug :. Another hypothesis dates to"when John Brandtjen convinced two young machinists from Oslo, Norway named Abel and Eneval Kluge to service and install presses for his fledgling printing equipment firm".

Given that the feeder bore the Kluge name, it seems reasonable that it became a byword for over-complex mechanical contraptions. Other suggested folk etymologies or backronyms for kludge or kluge are: k lumsy, l ame, u gly, d umb, but g ood e nough; or k lutzy l ashup, u nder- g oing e ngineering.

The Jargon File a. Raymonddifferentiates kludge from kluge and cites usage examples predating Kluge seems to have the sense of overcomplicated, while kludge has only the sense of poorly done. This Jargon File entry notes kludge apparently derives via British military slang from Scots cludge or cludgie [9] [10] meaning "a common toilet", and became confused with U.

This entry notes klugewhich is now often spelled kludge"was the original spelling, reported around computers as far back as the mids and, at that time, used exclusively of hardware kluges". Kluge "was common Navy slang in the World War II era for any piece of electronics that worked well on shore but consistently failed at sea".

A summary of a article in the New York Folklore Quarterly states:. On being drafted into the navy, Murgatroyd gave his profession as "kluge maker". Whenever Murgatroyd was asked what he was doing, he said he was making a kluge, and actually he was one of the world's best kluge makers.

Not wanting to seem ignorant, his superiors kept giving him commendations and promotions. One day.These sentences come from external sources and may not be accurate. Moreover, bab. EN wise able clever bright intelligent prudent intellectual cute shrewd knowledgeable sage savvy. EN wisely shrewdly intelligently. EN great astute sound politic. More information. It would not be particularly wise to do without environment action programmes at such a stage.

English-German Dictionary

I do not think it would be a wise move to approve this programme today. That is probably very clever in political terms, but nevertheless it is something along those lines. Member States are clever enough and wise enough to carry out such assessments according to their own criteria. Our Member States are brightintelligent and responsible enough to manage their own affairs.

She's sweet and bright and beautiful, and I'm not. Our Member States are bright, intelligent and responsible enough to manage their own affairs. How much cleverer is a person in intelligent clothing? The Commission felt it prudent not to do so immediately after a referendum. The principle of zero budget growth seems to me both opportune and prudent.

And by the way, Mr Funk, we too are shrewd enough to work out that we cannot sterilize bulls'semen if it is to achieve its intended purpose! Shrewd politicians know that the form is often the substance and in terms of form you have been extremely rude to this Parliament.

So to this very, very savvy crowd, I also want to note the digital folks did not invent disruptive. We have spent the money wiselyas the Commission must admit. I hope that we as co-legislators will act as wisely.The surname Klug was first found in Austriawhere the name emerged in mediaeval times as one of the notable families of the region.

From the 13th century the surname was identified with the great social and economic evolution which made this territory a landmark contributor to the development of the nation. This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Klug research.

Another words 11 lines of text covering the years, and are included under the topic Early Klug History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. Another 36 words 3 lines of text are included under the topic Early Klug Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day.

Wishlist To Cart Details. Some of the first settlers of this family name were: Klug Settlers in United States in the 18th Century Georg Klug, who landed in New Jersey in Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of aboutpassengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries.

Klug Settlers in United States in the 19th Century Wilhelm Christoph Klug, aged 58, who arrived in America in Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of aboutpassengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. Annette Klug b. Klug b. Another 2 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

William, Meyer, Mary K. We use cookies to enhance your personalized experience for ads, analytics, and more. Understand it all by viewing our Privacy Policy. Removing this item from your shopping cart will remove your associated sale items. Close Remove Item.Here are 10 common German proverbs, some of them you might recognise in English, and some not! Bedeutung: Sometimes you have to step back and take a look at the bigger Bild picture.

Meaning: Exactly the same meaning as the proverb above, reinforcing die Wichtigkeit importance of getting up early in the morning! Trinken wir zu viel, dann sterben wir — trinken wir nichts, dann sterben wir, also trinken wir. Wenn du mit dem Finger auf andere Menschen zeigst, zeigen drei Finger auf dich selbst.

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Available anytime, anywhere, on any device. Hello I'm Larissa. I live in Germany and I am half German and half English. I love sharing my passion for Germany with you through my posts! Apart from writing posts I teach fitness classes in Munich. Peter Well done Peter!

klug meaning in german

Thanks for reading my post! Proverbs fascinate me. These things fascinate me! Allan Mahnke Thanks for the lovely comment Allan! Transparent Language Thanks Carmel for your great proverbs! I enjoy your blog. Transparent Language Hi Peter, you are completely right! Carmel Grima :.

klug meaning in german

Thank you for the German Language Blog. Very illuminating. I thoroughly enjoy it Carmel Grima. Michael :. Oh that is great! But as more and more people use it, it becomes acceptable. There is a tendency for german speakers to use translations of english idioms to spice up their speach or to just sound sophisticated and cool. Edward :. Or something like that I quite cannot remember.

Deja Thanks Deja! Native Americans have a similar saying that when you point the blame you allow the blame to return three fold.Add klug to one of your lists below, or create a new one. Hitting it off and befriending people Words for making friends. Definitions Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. Follow us. Choose a dictionary. Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English.

Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English. Word Lists. Choose your language. My word lists. Tell us about this example sentence:. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. The sentence contains offensive content. Cancel Submit. Your feedback will be reviewed. Translation of klug — German—English dictionary. Antonym dumm. Synonym intelligent. Discretion is the greater part of valor.If you wonder what your German last name means in English, here's a comprehensive guide.

For each Germanic surname in this glossary, we have provided the English meaning, which may or may not be a surname in English. This is not a list of equivalent names, but rather a sampling of English translations or meanings of German names. In many cases, there may be several possible origins or translations for a surname. The translation shown for a surname may not be the only possibility.

Some names are derived from Old German and may have a different meaning from that in modern German. Share Flipboard Email. Hyde Flippo. German Expert. Hyde Flippo taught the German language for 28 years at high school and college levels and published several books on the German language and culture. Updated February 24, Cite this Article Format.

klug meaning in german

Flippo, Hyde. How to Pronounce German Words in English. Translating the Terms for "People" in German. How to Conjugate the German Verb 'Sein'. The German Lyrics for 'Edelweiss'. Best German Films for German-Learners.German Language Stack Exchange is a bilingual question and answer site for speakers of all levels who want to share and increase their knowledge of the German language.

In this video at the instructor demonstrates the word klug by pointing to his forehead and making a circular motion with this finger. I've checked other videos on German hand gestures but this one doesn't appear, so is this particular gesture regional or peculiar to the speaker?

Note that English speakers have a very similar circular motion gesture which means "crazy". Apparently German speakers use a different gesture for this where you tap on your forehead, something which an English speaker might use to say "good thinking". Overall, though English and German have many gestures in common, there are are several used by German speakers which either have a different meaning to or are unused by English speakers.

I have never seen this gesture before, but that does't mean anything. However, when I listened to the video, I had the impression that the speaker has a slight Swiss accent. If he really is Swiss, this could be an explanation for a "non-standard" use of a gesture.

But, more important, have a look at this :. We are Luzi and Johannes and we work both as DAF German language teachers with together almost 20 years of teaching experience in Taiwan and other Asian countries. This may be an indication that the speaker uses a gesture whose origin is not in Germany, Austria or Switzerland. I think the man in the video just used the wrong gesture. Nicht hier pointig to the tensed bicepshier!! You say it ironically, when another person e.

Sign up to join this community. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Asked 1 month ago. Active 1 month ago. Viewed times.

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Improve this question. Arsak 3, 1 1 gold badge 16 16 silver badges 33 33 bronze badges. For me, this circular motion gesture clearly means "crazy". To indicate "klug", I would raise my head a bit as well as my eyebrows while pointing with the index finger to the temple. Just a side note: I'm hearing a slight accent when he speaks. So maybe he grew up in a non-German speaking country and the gesture is from there.

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